Contact us

Latvia in Baltic States

The term Baltic States (also Baltics, Baltic nations or Baltic countries) refers to the Baltic territories which gained independence from the Russian Empire in the wake of World War I: primarily the contiguous trio of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania (from north to south); Finland also fell within the scope of the term after initially gaining independence in the 1920s.

Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania have been members of both the European Union and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization since 2004. Today the three countries are liberal democracies and their market economies in recent years have undergone rapid expansion in early 2000s.

All three countries are parliamentary democracies, which have unicameral parliaments that are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms – Riigikogu of Estonia, Saeima of Latvia and Seimas of Lithuania. In Latvia and Estonia, the president is elected by parliament while Lithuania has a semi-presidential system and the president is elected by popular vote.

Each of the three countries has declared itself to be the restoration of the sovereign nations which existed already in 1918 – 40, emphasizing their contention that Soviet domination over the Baltic nations during the Cold War period had been an illegal occupation and annexation.

  General Statistics about Baltic States

General statistics
(all three are Parliamentary republics and joined EU on 1 May 2004 and share EET time zone and EESTschedules)

Flag

Estonia Latvia Lithuania

Country

Estonia

Latvia

Lithuania

Capital

Tallinn

Riga

Vilnius

Independence

-Until 13th century
-24 February 1918
-20 August 1991

-Until 13th century
-18 November 1918
-21 August 1991

-Until 18th century
-16 February 1918
-11 March 1990

Population (2010)

1 340 300 (2010)

2 224 230 (2011)

3 244 500 (2010)

Population (2000)

1,376,743

2,375,000

3,490,800

Density

29/km² = 75/sq mi

36/km² = 93/sq mi

52/km² = 134/sq mi

Area

45,227 km² = 17,413 sq mi

64,589 km² = 24,937 sq mi

65,200 km² = 25,173 sq mi

Water area %

4.56%

1.5%

1.35%

GDP (PPP) total

$26.85 billion (2007) $41.108 billion (2007) $66 billion (2008)

GDP (nominal) total(2009)

$19.100 billion $26.200 billion $37.200 billion
Internet TLD

.ee

.lv

.lt

Calling code

+372

+371

+370

Currency

EUR LVL LTL

The largest cities by population (2010)

1.      Latvia Riga (703 581)

2.      Lithuania Vilnius (548 816)

3.      Estonia Tallinn (413,727)

4.      Lithuania Kaunas (348 635)

5.      Lithuania Klaipėda (182 752)

6.      Lithuania Šiauliai (125 461)

7.      Lithuania Panevėžys (109 999)

8.      Estonia Tartu (103 284)

9.      Latvia Daugavpils (103 053 )

10.    Latvia Liepāja (83 884)

 

If You need immigration services or other legal services, please contact us
 Tel. (371) 29 112 333     
e-mail: visas@visas.lv